The United Nations says India will overtake China in 2023.
The United Nations says India will overtake China in 2023. India is set to become the world’s most populous country next year, overtaking China with its 1.4bn people, according to UN figures. India is set to become the world’s most populous country next year, overtaking China with its 1.4bn people, according to UN figures.
By this November, the planet will be home to 8 billion.
But the population has not grown as fast as it used to.
The United Nations says it is at its slowest pace since 1950 and is close to 10.4 billion by the 2080s, although some population experts believe it could be even sooner.
But the world’s population is spreading unequally.
More than half of the growth we will see in the next 30 years will be in just eight countries – the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania.
At the same time, some of the world’s most developed economies are already experiencing population declines because the fertility rate is less than 2.1 children per woman, which is called the “replacement rate”. The report says that in 20 countries, the population will decline by at least 1% by 2050. The United Nations says India will overtake China in 2023
With one of the lowest birth rates in the world (1.15 children per woman), China has announced that its population will begin to decline next year – long before previously thought. This is despite the fact that the country abandoned its one-child policy in 2016 and introduced incentives for couples to have two or more children.
As India’s population grows, it will almost certainly surpass China as the world’s most populous country.
Birth rates throughout the world have dropped dramatically already – in many countries where the population is growing. This is because as the previous generations grew, so did the number of people, even if individually they were having fewer children than their parents.
Progress is also largely due to advances in medicine and science, which means that more children are getting younger and more adults are getting older. This pattern is likely to continue, which means that by 2050 the global average life expectancy will be around 77.2 years.
But this pattern means that the share of the global population aged 65 and over is likely to increase from 10% this year to 16% in 2050. The divisions in East Asia and Western Europe will once again be unequal. More extremes in old age.