What is Investigative Journalism?
Investigative Journalism is the type of Journalism that includes the research method on the specific topic it is the type of Journalism in which a journalist reports about a certain topic in greater depth in this form of journalism reporters thoroughly investigate only a single context of interest which involves different circumstances, severe crimes, corruption, political corruption or incorporated wrongdoings in the society or the country. Reporters in investigative journalists spend a lot of time and struggle to investigate a topic sometimes they spend even years investigating and preparing an outline.
What is meant by Investigative Reporting?
In Investigative Journalism reporters thoroughly investigate only a single topic that is of deep interest. Reporters usually investigate the topics that include crimes, corruption or any wrongdoings happening in the state. An investigative reporter spends many of months or even years analyzing and researching the topic.
There are some of the aspects that are included in investigative journalism like newsworthiness, news value, news occurrence these all are the important features any investigative journalist needs to know all these aspects he must be aware of any of the incident that happened he must know that when, where, why, how the incident happens and that news is important for public or not because in investigating reporting, investigative reporter research about those topics that is beneficial for the public. Any journalist must be objective in his ideas. He is not allowed to put his own ideas, thoughts and feelings in his story.
Topics of the Investigative Journalism:
There are some of the topics of Investigative Journalism in which reporters investigate:
- Political corruption
- Political wrongdoings
- Corporate wrongdoing
Names of the Renowned Investigative Journalists:
Some of the renowned investigative journalists worldwide are:
- Nick Davies
- David Rose
- Paul Lewis
- Andrew Norfolk
- Stephen Grey
- Heather Brooke
- David Leigh
- Claire Newell
Who was Daniel Pearl?
Daniel Pearl was an investigative journalist in America he worked for the Wall Street Journal in America. Daniel worked in South Asia as a Bureau Chief in Street Journal he came to Pakistan to investigate the link between the British citizen named Richard and Al-Qaeda however, later on he was kidnapped by some of the terrorists in Pakistan and was beheaded by his captors.
Investigative Journalism Today:
Investigative Journalism has commonly been organized in many of magazines, newspapers through wire services and through freelance reporters. With the balk in salaries through advertising, many of the classic news avails have struggled to hoard investigative journalism which is very time-taking and therefore very costly. Journalistic observations are progressively carried out by different organizations of news that are working together. Many of the organizations are also working internationally as in the matter of Panama and Paradise papers.
Importance of Investigative Journalism:
Investigative journalism is very important as it is responsible for adding awareness in public about the evils of the wrongdoings in any of the society investigative reporters usually research about the wrongdoings and highlight those criminals who are involved in such kind of bad deeds, corruption or in severe crime matters. They provide all of the information to the public which proved beneficial for them in the end. However, we all know that investigative journalism plays a very important role in democracy. Investigative reporters are just responsible for highlighting the important and the evils of the society and those people who are involved in this kind of wrongdoings they don’t have any concern with the life of celebrities they don’t interfere in their lives that’s a separate topic.
Dangers in Investigative Journalism:
There are some of dangers in investigative journalism because we all know that the investigative journalists usually highlight the true faces of those people who are involved in wrongdoing so they are also feared about their work at the same time whenever a journalist is investigating a single topic of deep interest like crime or any other topic sometimes he also got disturbed by all such kind of his work and circumstances because he was fearing that people can harm him. There are some of the people who belonged to high status, ranks or positions when they are involved in any crime they start threatening the reporters. Sometimes people who also belonged to the high-status politics threaten the journalists for their work and truth.
Threats to Investigative Journalist in Investigative Reporting:
In investigative reporting investigative journalists also get many the threats for their work and for the exposure of the criminals sometimes these journalists are also murdered by those threats some of the threats and danger through which they pass through are:
- Family threats
- Murder threats
- Harassment threats
These all are some of the threats that are given to journalists in America journalists are not killed for their work however; they are blackmailed on daily basis by the people who belonged to the high ranks. Some of the reporters are given the family and harassment threats as well.
Countries in which Journalists are given Severe Threats for their Work:
There are some of the countries in which journalists are given many threats:
These are some of the countries in which journalists are a threat for their work they have done reporting on different wars that take place in Syria and Iraq from Israel and they were threatened for covering that.
How Media can save their Investigative Journalists?
Media can play its role in saving their investigative journalists a reporter never reveals his source of news so in this way he can save himself from the threats, on the other hand it is obligatory for media not to show their investigative journalists who are involved in severe crime reporting media must not send their reporters to risky places however, a journalist must provide all the basics and information about that particular interest of topic online the use of digital media can be proved beneficial instead of live reporting in dangerous places.